On Tuesday, during a vote in the General Assembly (UNGA), five countries were elected as non-permanent members of the UN Security Council (UNSC). These countries include Algeria, Guyana, Republic of Korea, Sierra Leone, and Slovenia. They will commence their two-year term on 1st January 2024, contributing to the maintenance of international peace and security as members of the prestigious council.
Securing a Seat at UNSC
- The UN Security Council consists of 15 countries, with five permanent members – China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States – who possess veto power.
- The remaining 10 seats are filled by non-permanent members elected by the General Assembly (UNGA), representing different regions.
- During the election process, voting is conducted by secret ballot, and candidates must receive a two-thirds majority, which is equivalent to 128 votes, even if they are running uncontested.
- In this particular election, 192 countries participated to fill three Council seats allocated to the Africa and Asia-Pacific Groups, and one seat each for Eastern Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean.
- In the race for the Eastern Europe seat, Slovenia secured 153 votes, surpassing Belarus, which received 38 votes.
- On the other hand, Algeria, Guyana, Sierra Leone, and the Republic of Korea ran unopposed and were elected to their respective seats without any competition.
- These nations will join Ecuador, Japan, Malta, Mozambique, and Switzerland as non-permanent members of the Council.
- They will assume the seats currently held by Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, and the United Arab Emirates, as their two-year terms conclude on 31 December.
Significance of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) holds great significance in the realm of international diplomacy and security. Here are some key points highlighting its importance:
- Maintenance of international peace and security: The primary purpose of the UNSC is to maintain international peace and security. It plays a crucial role in addressing conflicts, preventing aggression, and ensuring stability among nations.
- Binding resolutions and decisions: The UNSC has the authority to issue binding resolutions and decisions that member states are obliged to follow. These resolutions can include sanctions, peacekeeping operations, arms embargoes, and even authorization of military action.
- Power of veto: The five permanent members of the UNSC (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) possess the power of veto. This means that any one of them can block a resolution, even if it has overwhelming support from other member states. The veto power gives these nations significant influence and the ability to protect their own interests.
- Global legitimacy and authority: The decisions and actions of the UNSC carry a sense of global legitimacy. Being a representative body of the international community, its resolutions are considered authoritative and hold weight in shaping international norms and responses to crises.
- International cooperation and multilateralism: The UNSC provides a platform for diplomatic engagement and dialogue among member states. It promotes international cooperation and fosters multilateral approaches to addressing global challenges, fostering a sense of collective responsibility.
- Peacekeeping operations: The UNSC authorizes and oversees peacekeeping operations in areas affected by conflicts. These operations, conducted by UN peacekeepers, aim to restore and maintain peace, protect civilians, and facilitate post-conflict stability.
- Crisis management and conflict resolution: The UNSC plays a pivotal role in managing global crises and conflicts. It discusses and deliberates on various situations, facilitates negotiations, and seeks diplomatic solutions to prevent further escalation and promote peaceful resolutions.
Overall, the UNSC serves as a critical forum for international diplomacy, providing a platform for addressing global security concerns, promoting peace, and coordinating collective efforts to maintain stability and resolve conflicts.
- 3 August Current Affairs 2023 in English
- MoU Between Subroto Mukerjee Sports and Education Society and All India Football Federation (AIFF) to Promote Football at Grassroot Level
- Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya Delivers Keynote Address at the 13th Indian Organ Donation Day ceremony
- Education Ministry Forms Expert Panel on Anti-Discrimination in Higher Education
- Concerns Arise Over Cheetah Deaths at Kuno National Park
When was UN Security Council (UNSC) formed?
How many times has India been a non-permanent member of UN Security Council (UNSC)?