The Geographical Indication Registry in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade (DIPIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MoCI), has recently granted Geographical Indication (GI) tags to seven handicraft products from Uttar Pradesh. This recognition highlights the unique and traditional craftsmanship of the state. Let’s explore the seven products that have received the prestigious GI tag and delve into their fascinating details.
Amroha Dholak: A Musical Marvel
Amroha Dholak is a musical instrument crafted using natural wood, with mango, jackfruit, and teakwood being the preferred choices. Skilled artisans meticulously fit animal skin, typically goatskin, to create the drum’s surface. This musical marvel is a testament to the rich musical heritage of Amroha.
Baghpat Home Furnishings: Exquisite Handloom Products
Baghpat and Meerut are renowned for their exclusive handloom home furnishing products. Skilled weavers create these exquisite textiles using cotton yarn on frame looms. The intricate weaving process results in stunning home furnishing items that showcase the expertise of the artisans.
Barabanki Handloom Product: A Hub of Weavers
Barabanki and its surrounding areas are home to approximately 50,000 weavers and 20,000 looms. The handloom products from this region have gained recognition for their quality and craftsmanship. The Barabanki cluster contributes significantly to the handicraft industry, with an estimated annual turnover of ₹150 crore.
Kalpi Handmade Paper: Preserving the Art of Handmade Paper
Kalpi is known for its handmade paper manufacturing. The craft was introduced by Munnalal ‘Khaddari,’ a Gandhian, in the 1940s, although its roots in Kalpi’s history may extend further. The art of creating handmade paper is carefully preserved in Kalpi, showcasing the dedication and skill of the artisans.
Mahoba Gaura Patthar Hastashlip: Unique Stone Craft
Mahoba Gaura Patthar Hastashlip represents the unique stone craft of Mahoba. Artisans use the ‘Pyro Flight Stone,’ a soft and radiant white-colored stone found predominantly in the region. This craft showcases the artistic finesse and creativity of the craftsmen.
Mainpuri Tarkashi: Inlay Work on Wood
Mainpuri Tarkashi is a popular art form characterized by brass wire inlay work on wood. Traditionally used for making wooden sandals, Mainpuri Tarkashi has been an essential part of households. The craft gained popularity due to cultural considerations regarding cleanliness and the need for leather alternatives.
Sambhal Horn Craft: A Testament to Handmade Excellence
Sambhal Horn Craft utilizes raw materials obtained from deceased animals, and the entire craft is handmade. Skilled artisans transform these materials into stunning and unique handicraft products, showcasing their expertise and creativity.
Understanding the GI Tag
A Geographical Indication (GI) tag is a recognition given to certain products that are associated with a specific geographical location or origin. It ensures that only authorized users or those residing in the designated geographical territory can use the popular product name. This protection safeguards the product from unauthorized imitation or copying by others. The GI tag is valid for ten years, providing legal protection and promoting the economic value of these products.
Legal Framework and Obligations
The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999, is the governing law for the registration and protection of geographical indications in India. This act aligns with the WTO Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The Paris Convention acknowledges and emphasizes the significance of protecting industrial property and geographical indications as integral components of intellectual property.
The recognition of these seven handicraft products from Uttar Pradesh with the GI tag not only promotes the rich cultural heritage of the state but also provides legal protection and economic opportunities for the artisans. It highlights the exceptional craftsmanship and artistry of these products, bringing them the recognition they deserve on a national and international level.
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