Goa, renowned for its pristine beaches and remnants of colonial heritage, holds the distinction of being the smallest state in India. On May 30, 1987, it achieved statehood, marking a significant milestone in its history. Previously under Portuguese rule for over 400 years, Goa was eventually reclaimed by India. This year, the state celebrates its 36th anniversary since attaining statehood.
Declaration of Statehood
May 30 holds special significance for Goa as it commemorates the day when the state was declared separate from Daman and Diu in 1987. Following this declaration, Panaji was designated as the capital, and Konkani became the official language of Goa.
History of Goa
Goa, renowned for its captivating beaches and magnificent architecture, boasts a rich historical background. Prior to 1961, it served as a Portuguese colony for approximately 450 years. When India gained independence in 1947, it urged Portugal to relinquish control over Goa. However, Portugal refused, prompting India to launch Operation Vijay in 1961, successfully annexing Goa, Daman, and Diu to the Indian mainland.
Transition to Statehood
Following its integration with India, Goa underwent a series of transformative processes. Elections were held, leading to the appointment of Shri Dayanand Bhandarkar as the first elected Chief Minister of Goa on December 20, 1962. There were discussions about merging Goa with Maharashtra due to its geographical proximity, culminating in a referendum in 1967. The people of Goa, however, chose to remain a union territory.
Goa’s Full Statehood
On May 30, 1987, the aspirations of Goans were fulfilled as Goa was granted full statehood, becoming the 25th state of the Republic of India. This marked a significant milestone in the state’s journey towards self-governance and independence.
Goa Statehood Day serves as a reminder of the courageous struggle and unwavering spirit of the Goan people in their quest for autonomy. As the state celebrates its 36th anniversary of statehood, it continues to captivate the world with its breathtaking landscapes, vibrant culture, and rich history.
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