The recent Health Index Report by NITI Aayog highlights the performance of states and union territories (UTs) in the Covid year of 2020-21. Kerala and Tamil Nadu emerged as the top performers among the larger states, while Tripura ranked the highest among the smaller states. Delhi, on the other hand, ranked at the bottom among the UTs.
Key Points from the Health Index Report
The NITI Aayog, in collaboration with the Union Health Ministry and World Bank, introduced the annual health index in 2017. It evaluates the performance of states and UTs based on 24 health performance indicators.
Performance of Larger States
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana secured the top three positions in terms of overall performance among the 19 larger states. Conversely, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh ranked at the bottom of the list.
Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, and Odisha showcased notable improvement in their performance from 2019-20 to 2020-21, making them the top three performers in this category.
Performance of Small States and UTs
Among the smaller states, Tripura achieved the highest overall performance, followed by Sikkim and Goa. Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Manipur had the lowest rankings. Among the UTs, Lakshadweep secured the top position while Delhi obtained the lowest rank.
Comparison with Previous Report
In the previous health index report for 2019-20, Kerala and Tamil Nadu were recognized as leading performers among the larger states. Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, and Assam topped the list in terms of annual incremental performance.
Significance of the Health Index Report
The health index serves as an annual evaluation tool for states and UTs. It considers 24 indicators grouped under three domains: health outcomes, governance and information, and key inputs/processes. The index emphasizes outcome indicators to assess the performance of states and UTs accurately.
The Health Index Report by NITI Aayog sheds light on the performance of states and UTs in the health sector during the Covid year of 2020-21. Kerala and Tamil Nadu’s strong performance in the larger states category and Tripura’s remarkable achievement among the smaller states demonstrate their dedication to healthcare. The report serves as a valuable resource for assessing and improving the healthcare systems across the country.
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Health Index Report of Covid Year – FAQs
Q1: What is the Health Index Report?
Ans: An yearly evaluation is carried out by NITI Aayog in coordination with the Union Health Ministry and the World Bank. Based on a variety of health indicators, it assesses how well states and union territories are performing.
Q2: What are the categories in which states are evaluated?
Ans: Categories like overall performance, incremental performance, and particular health indicators are used to evaluate states.
Q3: What is the significance of the Health Index Report for the Covid year?
Ans: The Covid year’s Health Index Report offers a distinctive viewpoint on how states managed their healthcare systems throughout the difficult pandemic years and highlights the top-performing states.