Every year on May 10th, the International Day of Argania or International Day of the Argan Tree is observed. This day was established by UNESCO in 2021 to boost people’s understanding of argan trees and to raise global awareness of its environmental value.
International Day of Argania 2023 – History
Argan trees occur in Morocco’s southern region and can resist severe temperatures and drought for up to 200 years. They can grow to heights of 26 to 33 feet and a circumference of up to 230 feet, with several branches bearing argan fruit that surrounds seeds containing a highly prized oil basis used in cosmetic moisturisers.
Unfortunately, because of the economic benefits, farmers and cattle ranchers have been overgrazing goats and camels and utilising the trees for firewood in the Argania region. These practises caused an environmental disaster, prompting the creation of the Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve under the control of UNESCO. The organization also provided guidelines for the production of argan oil and other related practices.
The region has thrived as a result of the sustainable argan tree business, and local populations have generated high-quality items. UNESCO established the International Day of Argania in 2021 to raise awareness of the environmental importance of argan trees and to enhance understanding about them.
International Day of Argania 2023 – Timeline
The creation of Arganeraie – The area in the southwestern region of Morocco where Argan Trees are found has been designated by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve.
Registration with UNESCO – “The inscription of “Argan, practices, and know-how related to the argan tree” on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.”
The Sustainable Development Agenda for 2030 – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is adopted by the United Nations and numerous countries.
The initial observance of the International Day of Argania – UNESCO designates May 10 as the annual celebration of the International Day of Argania.
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International Day of Argania 2023 – FAQs
Q1: What is the purpose of the International Day of Argania?
Ans: The purpose of the International Day of Argania is to increase awareness of the environmental importance of the argan tree and to enhance understanding of it.
Q2: What is the economic impact of argan trees?
Ans: Farmers and cattle ranchers in the Argania region have been overgrazing goats and camels and using the trees for firewood, leading to an environmental disaster. However, sustainable argan tree businesses have since been established, generating high-quality products for locals.
Q3: When was the Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve created?
Ans: The Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve was created in 1998.