In a major achievement during the Azadi ka Amrit Kaal, the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has successfully provided safe and clean drinking water to over 12 Crore rural households in India through tap connections. When the JJM was launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 15th August 2019, only 3.23 Crore (16.64%) households in rural areas had access to piped water connections. This significant milestone signifies substantial progress in ensuring access to drinkable water for rural communities.
About the Jal Jeevan Mission
Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a flagship program launched by the Government of India with the aim of providing safe and adequate drinking water to every rural household in the country.
Why was it launched?
- The mission was launched to address the significant water scarcity and lack of access to clean drinking water in rural areas of India.
When was it launched?
- The Jal Jeevan Mission was launched on 15th August 2019 by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
What are its objectives?
- The main objective of the mission is to ensure the provision of functional household tap connections (FHTCs) to all rural households in India.
- It aims to provide potable water in adequate quantity and of prescribed quality to every rural household through decentralized, demand-driven, and community-managed water supply systems.
- The mission also focuses on promoting local community participation and creating awareness about the importance of safe drinking water and its conservation.
Tagline of the Scheme
- The tagline of the Jal Jeevan Mission is “Har Ghar Jal,” which translates to “Water to Every Household” in English.
- The tagline represents the mission’s core objective of providing functional tap water connections to every rural household in India.
- It signifies the vision of ensuring access to safe and clean drinking water for every individual, eliminating the need for households to depend on distant and unsafe water sources.
- The tagline reflects the mission’s commitment to addressing water scarcity and improving the quality of life in rural communities by making water readily available at the doorstep of every household.
The vision of the scheme:
- The vision of the Jal Jeevan Mission is to provide tap water connections to every rural household in India, thereby eliminating the need for women and girls to fetch water from distant sources, ensuring their time and dignity are preserved.
Goals of the scheme:
- To provide piped water supply to all rural households in India.
- To ensure the long-term sustainability of water supply systems.
- To encourage the involvement of local communities in the planning, implementation, and management of water supply schemes.
How does it work?
- The mission follows a decentralized and community-driven approach, where the Gram Panchayats and local communities play a vital role in the planning, implementation, and operation of the water supply schemes.
- It focuses on infrastructure development, capacity building, and strengthening local institutions to ensure the sustainability of water supply systems.
- The mission aims to provide piped water connections to households, ensuring water is available at the premises through individual tap connections.
- The Jal Jeevan Mission is funded by the central government and state governments in a 90:10 ratio for Himalayan and North-Eastern states, and a 50:50 ratio for other states.
- The central government provides financial assistance to the states to implement the mission effectively.
Significance of the scheme:
- The Jal Jeevan Mission is significant as it addresses one of the fundamental needs of rural communities by providing access to safe and clean drinking water.
- It improves the overall health and well-being of rural households, particularly women and children, by reducing waterborne diseases.
- The mission also empowers local communities and promotes their involvement in managing water supply systems, fostering a sense of ownership and responsibility.
- Access to piped water connections saves time and effort for women and girls, enabling them to pursue education and livelihood opportunities.
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