World Heritage Day 2023, Check Theme, History, And Its Significance

World Heritage Day

The global community observes World Heritage Day on April 18 in an effort to raise public awareness of the value of cultural heritage and the need to protect it for the next generations. On this date, the UNESCO General Conference officially founded the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). On this occasion, individuals, organizations, and governments may work together to emphasize the value of protecting and conserving cultural assets. Check the below article to know more about this day, its history, significance, and the theme for 2023.

World Heritage Day 2023: Theme

Every year, a different issue relating to cultural heritage is highlighted on World Heritage Day, such as sustainable tourism, cultural landscapes, or heritage in times of conflict. UNESCO, ICOMOS, as well as local communities and organizations, plan events and activities to honour this important date across the world.

The chosen topic for World Heritage Day in 2023 is “Heritage Changes.” ICOMOS claims that this theme offers an opportunity to address issues related to comprehending traditional information and understanding systems regarding climate action, while also responding to the UN Decade of Action. This is done by using a cultural heritage approach to ensure fair protection of vulnerable communities during action on climate change.

World Heritage Day 2023: History 

The idea for World Heritage Day was first put out by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in 1982, and it was later approved by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation) during its 22nd General Conference in 1983. ICOMOS was created on April 18, 1982, which is why that day was picked as the celebration date.

World Heritage Day 2023: Significance 

The purpose of World Heritage Day is to spread awareness of the need to protect cultural heritage and the world’s monuments and sites from damage and degradation. The day also offers a chance to encourage international collaboration in cultural heritage preservation and to recognise the diversity of cultures around the world.

On this day, a variety of events and activities are organized throughout the world to highlight the value of historic sites, their contribution to the formation of our history and identity, and the necessity of their protection. Exhibitions, escorted tours, talks, seminars, and other cultural activities are among these occasions.

People may learn about various natural and cultural heritage sites across the world on World Heritage Day and recognise the significance of their preservation. The holiday serves as a reminder that heritage places are important not just for their cultural and historical significance, but also for their impact on local economies, tourism, and sustainable development. Therefore, it is essential to save and preserve these locations for future generations.

World Heritage Day 2023 – FAQs

Q1: Which day is celebrated on 18th April?

Ans: The United Nations observes World Heritage Day on April 18 each year. The purpose of the Day is to honour the organizations that fight to protect human heritage and preserve it. 

Q2: When was the first World Heritage Day celebrated?

Ans: It was proposed to establish an “International Day for Monuments and Sites” to be observed simultaneously throughout the world on April 18, 1982, during a conference hosted by ICOMOS in Tunisia.

Q3: What is the theme of World Heritage Day 2023?

Ans: “Heritage Changes” is the focus of World Heritage Day in 2023. The theme of HERITAGE CHANGES provides the chance to address issues such as learning about traditional knowledge systems and ways of knowing in relation to tackling climate change, as well as how to use a cultural heritage focus to support the equitable protection of vulnerable communities through tackling climate change and addressing the UN Decade of Action.


  • Pritipalit

    Priti Palit, an accomplished edtech writer, boasts a wealth of experience in preparing candidates for multiple government exams. With a passion for education and a keen eye for detail, she has contributed significantly to the field of online learning. Priti's expertise and dedication continue to empower aspiring individuals in their pursuit of success in government examinations.

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