Michele Bullock Appointed as First Female Head of Reserve Bank of Australia

In a significant move, Australia has appointed its first female head of the central bank, with Deputy Governor Michele Bullock stepping into the high-profile role. The decision not to reappoint Governor Philip Lowe for a second term was announced by Australian Treasurer Jim Chalmers and Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, amid public discontent over rising interest rates. This article explores the reasons behind Lowe’s departure and provides an overview of the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA), which is currently undergoing significant reorganization.

Why Philip Lowe not reappointed?

After a distinguished 43-year career at the bank, Governor Philip Lowe will be stepping down on September 17. The decision not to reappoint him comes at a time when Lowe has faced criticism for his handling of interest rates during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lowe’s statements in 2021, suggesting that interest rates were unlikely to rise until 2024, were seen as encouraging excessive borrowing. However, in mid-2022, the RBA began hiking rates two years ahead of schedule, leading to public backlash. The sharp increase in rates, with 12 hikes raising them to a decade-high of 4.1%, has put additional strain on household budgets already stretched by a cost of living crisis.

About the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA):

The RBA is currently undergoing significant changes in response to an independent review that recommended reforms to its policy formulation and communication methods. Established as Australia’s central bank and banknote issuing authority on January 14, 1960, through the Reserve Bank Act 1959, the RBA plays a crucial role in the country’s financial landscape.


The appointment of Michele Bullock as the first female head of the Reserve Bank of Australia marks an important milestone in the country’s central banking history. With Philip Lowe stepping down, the decision reflects public concerns over rising interest rates. As the RBA undergoes substantial reorganization, it will continue to play a vital role in shaping monetary policy and maintaining stability in Australia’s financial system.

First Female Head of Reserve Bank of Australia – FAQs

Q1: Why was Governor Philip Lowe not reappointed?

Ans: Due to criticism from the public over rising interest rates and worries about how he handled monetary policy during the COVID-19 pandemic, Governor Philip Lowe was not reappointed for a second term.

Q2: What is Michele Bullock’s background and experience?

Ans: Since 1985, Michele Bullock has served as the Reserve Bank of Australia’s deputy governor. She is well-regarded among analysts and has a master’s degree from the London School of Economics.

Q3: Why has there been criticism of Philip Lowe’s handling of interest rates?

Ans: When Philip Lowe initially claimed that interest rates wouldn’t likely rise until 2024, he came under fire for encouraging borrowing during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, interest rates were increased early than anticipated in the middle of 2022, which caused public unhappiness and financial hardship for households.


  • Pritipalit

    Priti Palit, an accomplished edtech writer, boasts a wealth of experience in preparing candidates for multiple government exams. With a passion for education and a keen eye for detail, she has contributed significantly to the field of online learning. Priti's expertise and dedication continue to empower aspiring individuals in their pursuit of success in government examinations.

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