India’s fiscal deficit has become a matter of concern as it reaches 25.3% of the full-year target by the end of June 2023, according to data from the Controller General of Accounts (CGA). This article provides a comprehensive overview of the fiscal deficit situation in India, including a comparison with previous years and an examination of the government’s projected targets for the current fiscal year (2023-24).
Defining Fiscal Deficit and its Significance
Understanding the Concept
Fiscal deficit refers to the gap between a government’s total expenditure and revenue. It indicates the extent to which the government needs to borrow to meet its expenses. A high fiscal deficit can have implications on inflation, interest rates, and overall economic stability.
Fiscal Deficit in 2022-23 and Projections for 2023-24
Previous Fiscal Year
In the financial year 2022-23, India’s fiscal deficit was recorded at 6.4% of the GDP, which turned out to be lower than the initial estimate of 6.71%.
Current Financial Year
For the ongoing fiscal year 2023-24, the government aims to further reduce the fiscal deficit to 5.9% of the GDP.
Current Fiscal Deficit Situation
First Quarter (June 2023)
At the end of the first quarter (June 2023), India’s fiscal deficit reached 25.3% of the full-year target, amounting to Rs 4,51,370 crore. This level of deficit is significantly higher compared to the same period in the previous fiscal year when it stood at 21.2% of the Budget Estimates (BE).
Net Tax Revenue Collection
First Quarter (2023-24)
During the first three months of 2023-24, the government collected net tax revenue amounting to Rs 4,33,620 crore, representing 18.6% of the BE for the current fiscal year. In comparison, the net tax revenue collection at the end of June 2022 was higher, standing at 26.1%.
First Quarter (2023-24)
The central government’s total expenditure during the first quarter of 2023-24 was Rs 10.5 lakh crore, constituting 23.3% of the BE. This expenditure level was slightly lower than the corresponding period in the previous fiscal year, which stood at 24% of the BE.
Out of the total expenditure, Rs 7.72 lakh crore was allocated to the revenue account, and Rs 2.78 lakh crore was spent on the capital account. Notably, significant components of revenue expenditure included Rs 2,43,705 crore on interest payments and Rs 87,035 crore on major subsidies.
India’s rising fiscal deficit poses challenges to the country’s economic stability. Managing the deficit remains a critical priority for the government to ensure sustainable growth and financial health. By addressing the deficit effectively, India can pave the way for a more robust and resilient economy.
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Fiscal Deficit Reaches 25.3% – FAQs
Q1: What is India’s fiscal deficit as of June 2023?
Ans: According to information provided by the Controller General of Accounts (CGA), by the end of June 2023, India’s budget deficit had reached 25.3% of the full-year projection.
Q2: How does India’s current fiscal deficit compare to the previous year at the same period?
Ans: When compared to the same time period in the previous fiscal year, when it stood at 21.2% of the Budget Estimates (BE), India’s budget deficit at the end of June 2023 (25.3% of the full-year objective) is significantly larger.
Q3: How is the expenditure distributed between the revenue and capital accounts?
Ans: The income account received 7.72 lakh crore of the entire expenditure, while the capital account received 2.78 lakh crore.