India Approves National Quantum Mission

The National Quantum Mission, which seeks to promote and advance scientific and commercial research and development in quantum technology, has received approval from the Union Cabinet, which is chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. During the years 2023–2024 to 2030–3031, the mission is projected to cost 6,003.65 crores. The government intends for the NQM to promote the construction of the country’s critical infrastructure as well as economic growth fueled by quantum technology.

Key Discussions On National Quantum Mission

The National Quantum Mission (NQM), according to Science and Technology Minister Jitendra Singh, would propel India to the forefront of quantum technology. Within eight years, one of the mission’s objectives is to build intermediate-scale quantum computers with 50–1000 physical qubits on a variety of platforms, including superconducting and photonic technologies.

The project will also attempt to construct multi-node quantum networks with quantum memory, inter-city quantum key distribution over 2000 km, long-distance secure quantum communications with other nations, and satellite-based secure quantum communications over a distance of 2000 km inside India.

Additionally, the NQM will support the creation of very sensitive atomic magnetometers and atomic clocks for precise timing, communications, and navigation. Additionally, it will make it easier to design and create topological materials, superconductors, innovative semiconductor architectures, and other quantum materials for the creation of quantum devices.

The mission will create four theme centres (T-centres) in the areas of quantum computing, quantum communication, quantum sensing and metrology, and quantum materials and devices at top university and national research and development institutions.

The T-Hubs will focus on advancing R&D in their chosen fields and developing new knowledge through fundamental and applied research. According to the minister, the mission would bring India’s ecosystem for technological creation up to par with international norms.

What Is Quantum Technology?

By using the concepts of quantum physics, quantum technology makes use of the unique characteristics of quantum systems. This state-of-the-art technique involves controlling and managing the behaviour of atomic and subatomic particles. Numerous fields, including computers, encryption, communication, and sensing, might undergo a dramatic shift as a result.

Q1: What is the National Mission of Quantum Technology and Application?

Ans: In order to process information beyond what is possible in the classical world, it is necessary to manipulate and control quantum systems.

Q2: Is India working on Quantum Computing?

Ans: According to the NASSCOM-Avasant research, India intends to create a 50-qubit quantum computer by 2026. Smaller-scale device development, such as that of quantum simulators and sensors, is anticipated to happen considerably sooner.

Q3: Which are the top Quantum Technology start-ups in India?

Ans: The quantum technology startup landscape is constantly evolving. Till September 2021, the following 8 Quantum Technology start-ups were well-known in India.
Quantum Machines – A quantum hardware and software startup focused on developing a universal platform for controlling quantum processors.
QNu Labs – A startup developing quantum cryptography products for secure communication, data centres, and cloud security.
Atomberg Technologies – A company that designs and manufactures quantum-mechanical electronic devices, such as smart fans and other home automation systems.
Kets Quantum Security – A cybersecurity startup that uses quantum key distribution (QKD) for secure communication.
SattvaQ – A quantum computing startup that builds software and tools for quantum computing, simulation, and optimization.
QuNu Labs – A startup that develops quantum cryptography solutions and quantum-safe encryption for secure communication.
CQube – A quantum computing startup that develops software and algorithms for quantum computers.
QpiAI – A quantum computing and artificial intelligence (AI) startup that provides software and consulting services for quantum computing, machine learning, and AI.


  • Pritipalit

    Priti Palit, an accomplished edtech writer, boasts a wealth of experience in preparing candidates for multiple government exams. With a passion for education and a keen eye for detail, she has contributed significantly to the field of online learning. Priti's expertise and dedication continue to empower aspiring individuals in their pursuit of success in government examinations.

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