India Successfully Tests New-Generation Nuclear Capable Agni-Prime Ballistic Missile

On Wednesday night, India carried out a successful test of its new-generation nuclear-capable Agni-Prime ballistic missile. The test took place from Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha and marked the first pre-induction night launch of the Agni-Prime. The missile, with a range between 1,000 to 2,000 kilometers, was launched by the tri-service Strategic Forces Command (SFC), responsible for managing the country’s nuclear weapons. The test demonstrated the system’s accuracy and reliability, further validating its capabilities.

More About the Agni-Prime Test

The successful flight test of the Agni-Prime ballistic missile showcased its capabilities and achieved all the intended objectives.

  • Range instrumentation systems, including radar, telemetry, and electro-optical tracking systems, were strategically positioned to capture data throughout the missile’s trajectory.
  • Defense Minister Rajnath Singh praised the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the armed forces for the flawless performance of the new-generation missile, while DRDO chairman Dr. Samir V Kamat acknowledged the dedicated efforts behind the test launch.

Agni Missile

The Agni missile series is a family of nuclear-capable, surface-to-surface ballistic missiles developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

  • The missiles are named after the Hindu god of fire, Agni.
  • The Agni series of missiles are solid-fueled, three-stage, and mobile.
  • They can be launched from either land or sea.
  • The missiles are capable of carrying nuclear warheads and have a range of up to 5,000 kilometers.

Agni Missile Series

  • The Agni-I is the first missile in the series. It has a range of 700-900 kilometers and can carry a payload of 1,000 kilograms.
  • The Agni-II has a range of 2,000 kilometers and can carry a payload of 2,000 kilograms.
  • The Agni-III has a range of 3,500 kilometers and can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes.
  • The Agni-IV has a range of 4,000 kilometers and can carry a payload of 2 tonnes.
  • The Agni-V is the most advanced missile in the series. It has a range of over 5,000 kilometers and can carry a payload of up to 1.5 tonnes.

Agni-Prime Missile

The Agni-Prime missile, which is the smallest and lightest in the Agni series, has undergone three successful developmental trials since June 2021.

  • Once deployed, it will enhance India’s strategic deterrence capabilities.
  • The missile incorporates advanced propulsion systems, composite rocket motor casings, and advanced navigation and guidance systems.
  • It is also a canister-launch system, similar to the Agni-V intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), enabling the armed forces to store it for extended periods, transport it quickly via road or rail, and launch it from various locations.
  • The Agni Prime missile will gradually replace the Agni-I missiles in the inventory of the Strategic Forces Command (SFC), which already possesses other ballistic missiles such as Prithvi-II, Agni-II, Agni-III, and Agni-IV, each with varying ranges.


When did the first test of Agni-I take place?

The first test of the Agni-I missile took place on 11 May 1989 at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, off the coast of Orissa, India. The missile was launched from a mobile launcher and successfully traveled its full range of 700 kilometers. The test was a major success for the DRDO.

Who is the current chairman of DRDO?

The current chairman of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is Dr. Samir V. Kamat. He took charge on 29th May 2022. He is a Distinguished Scientist of DRDO and a recipient of the Padma Shri award for his contributions to the field of defence research.

What is the maximum range of Agni missiles?

The maximum range of Agni missiles varies by model. The range of the Agni missiles is as follows:
Agni-I: 700-900 kilometers
Agni-II: 2,000 kilometers
Agni-III: 3,500 kilometers
Agni-IV: 4,000 kilometers
Agni-V: 5,500-8,000 kilometers
Agni-Prime: 1000-2000 kilometers
The Agni-V is the most advanced missile in the series and has the longest range. The Agni-V is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead and can strike targets anywhere in Asia.


  • Shubham Mittal

    Shubham Mittal is a renowned current affairs writer and expert in government exam preparation, inspiring readers with insightful articles and guiding aspirants with his expertise.

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