Japan Raises Age of Consent and Broadens Definition of Rape

In a significant development, Japan’s parliament has recently raised the age of consent from 13 to 16, marking a historic shift in the country’s sexual offense laws. The previous age of consent had remained unchanged for over a century and was considered one of the lowest in the world. Additionally, lawmakers have expanded the definition of rape to encompass “non-consensual sexual intercourse” and included acts committed through drugging and intoxication. The new legislation also criminalizes the grooming of minors, reflecting a comprehensive approach to combating sexual offenses.

Raising the Age of Consent:

Until this recent change, Japan’s age of consent had remained stagnant since 1907, allowing sexual activity with individuals as young as 13. The revision has now increased the age of consent to 16, aligning it with international standards and recognizing the need to protect young individuals from exploitation and abuse.

Broadening the Definition of Rape:

Alongside raising the age of consent, the definition of rape has been expanded in Japan’s legal framework. The previous definition of “forcible sexual intercourse” has been replaced with “non-consensual sexual intercourse.” This broader definition acknowledges that consent cannot be given when individuals are under the influence of drugs, alcohol, or unable to provide informed consent due to other circumstances. The inclusion of acts committed using drugging and intoxication is a crucial step in addressing sexual offenses comprehensively.

Criminalization of Grooming:

The newly enacted legislation in Japan also criminalizes the grooming of minors. Grooming refers to the process of manipulating and establishing a rapport with a minor in order to exploit them sexually. By outlawing this practice, the legal system aims to prevent the victimization of vulnerable individuals and hold offenders accountable for their actions.

Comparison with International Consent Ages:

With the age of consent now set at 16 in Japan, it brings the country more in line with other nations’ standards. Currently, the age of consent is 16 in Britain, 15 in France, 14 in Germany and China, and 18 in India. This revision showcases Japan’s commitment to upholding the rights and protection of its young population.

Previous Revisions and Current Leadership:

Japan last revised its criminal code on sexual offenses in 2017, highlighting the nation’s ongoing efforts to adapt and address changing societal norms and concerns regarding sexual misconduct. As of now, Fumio Kishida serves as the Prime Minister of Japan, while the Japanese National Parliament is known as the “Diet.”


Japan’s decision to raise the age of consent and broaden the definition of rape is a significant step towards safeguarding the rights and well-being of its citizens, particularly young individuals. This legislative change reflects the nation’s commitment to combatting sexual offenses and ensuring a safer environment for all. By aligning with international standards and criminalizing grooming practices, Japan is taking crucial measures to protect vulnerable individuals and hold perpetrators accountable.

Japan Raises Age of Consent – FAQs

Q1: What changes have been made to Japan’s age of consent?

Ans: The age of consent in Japan has been raised from 13 to 16 in order to comply with international norms.

Q2: What does the criminalization of grooming involve?

Ans: The manipulation and building of a relationship with a minor for the goal of sexual exploitation is known as grooming and is now illegal in Japan under new legislation.

Q3: How does Japan’s age of consent compare to other countries?

Ans: Japan’s consent age has been raised to 16, bringing it in line with those of other nations, like Britain (16), France (15), Germany and China (14), and India (18).


  • Pritipalit

    Priti Palit, an accomplished edtech writer, boasts a wealth of experience in preparing candidates for multiple government exams. With a passion for education and a keen eye for detail, she has contributed significantly to the field of online learning. Priti's expertise and dedication continue to empower aspiring individuals in their pursuit of success in government examinations.

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