Today, Andhra Pradesh High Court Chief Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra and Senior Advocate KV Viswanathan took oath as Supreme Court (SC) judges. Their elevation to the Supreme Court was recommended by the SC collegium led by Chief Justice of India (CJI) DY Chandrachud on May 16. Within a span of two days, the Central Government notified their appointments, marking the formal process of their new roles in the highest court of the land.
About Advocate KV Viswanathan
KV Viswanathan is an experienced senior advocate with more than three decades of practice in the Supreme Court. He has represented clients in various legal areas, such as constitutional law, criminal law, and commercial law. Apart from his legal practice, he holds positions in prestigious organizations like the Bar Council of India and the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA).
About Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra
Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra currently serves as the Chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court. He was appointed as a judge of the High Court in 2013 and later elevated to the position of Chief Justice in 2021. Prior to his tenure in Andhra Pradesh, he also served as a judge in the Chhattisgarh High Court.
What is the Supreme Court (SC) Collegium System?
The Supreme Court Collegium is a body of senior judges of the Supreme Court (SC) of India responsible for making recommendations for appointments and transfers of judges in higher judiciary, including the Supreme Court and High Courts. It operates as an internal mechanism within the judiciary to ensure transparency and objectivity in the selection and transfer of judges.
The collegium system consists of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and a group of senior judges of the Supreme Court. They collectively assess the suitability and merit of candidates for judicial appointments or transfers. The collegium considers factors such as seniority, competence, integrity, and other relevant criteria while making its recommendations.
Once the collegium finalizes its recommendations, they are submitted to the President of India for approval. The President’s role is largely ceremonial, and the executive is bound to act in accordance with the collegium’s recommendations.
The Supreme Court collegium system has been subject to debates and discussions regarding its functioning and transparency. Over the years, there have been calls for reforms and alternative methods of judicial appointments to ensure a more inclusive and accountable process.
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Who gives oath to Supreme Court (SC) judges?
Supreme Court (SC) judges in India are appointed by the President of India. Once appointed, they take an oath of office and secrecy. The Chief Justice of India administers the oath to the newly appointed judges of the Supreme Court. This oath-taking ceremony typically takes place in the presence of other judges and dignitaries. The oath signifies the solemn commitment of the judges to uphold the Constitution of India, to perform their duties without fear or favor, and to uphold the principles of justice and fairness in their role as members of the Supreme Court.
Which article deals with the oath of the Supreme Court judge?
The oath of office for Supreme Court judges in India is prescribed under Article 124(6) of the Indian Constitution. This article outlines the procedure for the appointment of judges to the Supreme Court and also specifies that every judge, before entering upon his/her duties, shall make and subscribe to an oath or affirmation.
Who is the first Chief Justice of India?
The first Chief Justice of India was Justice Harilal Jekisundas Kania. He served as the Chief Justice from 1950 to 1951. Justice Kania played a crucial role in establishing the judicial system and setting the foundations of the Indian judiciary as the head of the Supreme Court of India. He was known for his integrity, dedication to justice, and commitment to upholding the principles of the Indian Constitution.