Singapore Passport Tops Henley Passport Index 2023 as World’s Most Powerful

Singapore has achieved a significant milestone by surpassing Japan to become the world’s most powerful passport, according to the Henley Passport Index. Singapore’s passport now grants visa-free access to an impressive 192 destinations out of 227 globally. In contrast, Japan, which had held the top spot for five years, slipped to the third position as the number of visa-free destinations for its passport decreased.

About the Henley Passport Index

The Henley Passport Index is an annual ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a visa. The index is compiled by the Henley & Partners citizenship and residency advisory firm.

The index takes inputs from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and is updated quarterly. Each passport earns a point for each country its holders can enter without needing a visa or by obtaining a visa on arrival, reflecting the level of global travel freedom and ease of access for its citizens. The higher the score, the more powerful the passport is considered in terms of global mobility and travel opportunities.

Henley Passport Index 2023

  • In the latest rankings, Germany, Italy, and Spain have all moved up to the 2nd place with their passports providing visa-free access to 190 destinations. Additionally, Japanese passport holders now share the 3rd place with passports from Austria, Finland, France, Luxembourg, South Korea, and Sweden, granting access to 189 destinations without needing a visa in advance.
  • The United States, which was once at the top of the list almost ten years ago, has dropped to 8th place. On the brighter side, the United Kingdom has made a strong comeback and climbed to the 4th position after facing a decline due to Brexit. This is the same position it held in 2017.
  • However, Afghanistan remains at the bottom of the Henley Passport Index, as its passport offers visa-free access to only 27 destinations. Iraq and Syria also have weak passports, with access to 29 and 30 destinations respectively, making them the three countries with the least travel privileges.

India’s Ranking in Henley Passport Index

India has made notable strides in the Henley Passport Index, climbing 5 positions compared to the previous year’s ranking. Currently, India shares the 80th spot on the index along with Togo and Senegal. This improvement highlights the enhanced global travel privileges for Indian passport holders, as they now enjoy visa-free access to 57 countries. The progress in the ranking reflects the efforts made by India in building diplomatic relations and strengthening its position on the international stage, facilitating easier travel for its citizens.

Top 10 spots on the Henley Passport Index

RankCountryVisa-Free Access
2Germany, Italy, Spain190
3Austria, Finland, France, Japan, Luxembourg, South Korea, Sweden189
4Denmark, Ireland, Netherlands, UK188
5Belgium, Czech Republic, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland187
6Australia, Hungary, Poland186
7Canada, Greece185
8Lithuania, US184
9Latvia, Slovakia, Slovenia183
10Estonia, Iceland182

Bottom 10 spots on the Henley Passport Index

RankCountryVisa-Free Access
95Sri Lanka, Libya41
97North Korea39
98Palestinian territory, Nepal38
99Yemen, Somalia35


Who publishes the Henley Passport Index?

The Henley Passport Index is published by Henley & Partners, a citizenship and residency advisory firm. The index is compiled based on data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which maintains a database of travel restrictions for all countries in the world.

What is the purpose of the Henley Passport Index?

The Henley Passport Index is a tool that helps individuals and businesses to make informed decisions about travel and investment opportunities abroad. The index provides information on the number of countries that passport holders can visit without a visa, as well as the length of time that passport holders can stay in each country without a visa.


  • Shubham Mittal

    Shubham Mittal is a renowned current affairs writer and expert in government exam preparation, inspiring readers with insightful articles and guiding aspirants with his expertise.

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