Kargil Vijay Diwas is a national holiday in India that is celebrated on 26 July to commemorate the victory of the Indian Armed Forces over the Pakistani intruders in the Kargil War of 1999. The war lasted for 60 days and resulted in the death of over 500 Indian soldiers. The victory of the Indian Armed Forces in the Kargil War is considered to be a major turning point in the history of India-Pakistan relations. The war also helped to boost the morale of the Indian people and to strengthen the unity of the nation.
Kargil Vijay Diwas is a day to remember the sacrifice of the Indian soldiers who fought and died for the country. It is also a day to celebrate the victory of the Indian Armed Forces and to reaffirm our commitment to the nation.
The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir and along the Line of Control (LoC) that demarcates the two countries. The war lasted from May to July 1999 and resulted in the death of over 500 Indian soldiers and an estimated 350 Pakistani soldiers.
- The war began when Pakistani soldiers, disguised as Kashmiri militants, infiltrated Indian-controlled territory in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The intruders occupied key heights along the LoC, which gave them a strategic advantage over the Indian forces.
- The Indian government responded by launching a major military operation named, ‘Operation Vijay’ to dislodge the Pakistani intruders.
- Operation Vijay (Hindi: विजय, Sanskrit for “victory”) was the codename of the Indian military’s operation to recapture the high-altitude posts that had been infiltrated by Pakistani soldiers in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir in 1999.
- The Indian forces were able to recapture all the positions that had been taken by the Pakistani soldiers. The war ended in July 1999 with the withdrawal of Pakistani forces from Indian-controlled territory.
- The Kargil War was a major turning point in the history of India-Pakistan relations. The war showed that the two countries were still capable of going to war with each other, even after the signing of the Simla Agreement in 1972. The war also led to a renewed focus on the need for peace and stability in the region.
The Kargil War is a reminder of the sacrifices that the Indian Armed Forces have made to protect the country. The war also shows the importance of unity and resolve in the face of adversity.
How the Kargil War Unfolded?
- On 3rd May 1999, Indian Army was alerted about Pakistani troops and militants in the region by a local shepherd in Kargil.
- On 5th May 1999, Pakistani troops killed about 5 Indian Soldiers.
- On 10th May 1999, Indian Army launched ‘Operation Vijay’. Pakistani army targeted Indian Army’s ammunition deposits in Kargil.
- On 26th May 1999, Indian Army launched an air strike.
- On 27th May 1999, IAF, a MiG-27 went down, and 4 airforce crew died. Pakistan captured the ejecting pilot as a prisoner of war.
- On 31st May 1999, War like situation was declared in Kargil by Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- On 1st June 1999, USA and France hold Pakistan responsible for military operations against India.
- On 5th June 1999, Indian Army released the documents that showed Pakistan’s involvement.
- On 9th June 1999, Indian Army recaptured two important positions in the Batalik Sector.
- On 10th June 1999, Pakistan returned 6 soldiers mutilated bodies of the Jat regiment.
- On 13th June 1999, India retook the crucial Tololing peak to alter the direction of the war.
- On 15th June 1999, Bill Clinton, US President urged Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif to retreat Pakistani troops.
- On 20th June 1999, Indian Army captured Point 5060 and Point 5100 near Tiger Hill after 11-hour battle.
- On 5th July 1999, Bill Clinton met Nawaz Sharif and Pakistan’s PM announced the pull-out of Pakistani troops from Kargil.
- On 11th July 1999, Pakistani troops began to retreat and Indian Army captured many peaks in Batalik.
- On 14th July 1999, Indian Army declared the success of ‘Operation Vijay’.
- On 26th July 1999, Kargil War came to an end and hence this day has been considered ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’.
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Kargil Vijay Diwas – FAQs
What is Kargil Vijay Diwas?
Kargil Vijay Diwas is a national holiday in India that is celebrated on 26 July to commemorate the victory of the Indian Armed Forces over the Pakistani intruders in the Kargil War of 1999.
What is the significance of Kargil Vijay Diwas?
Kargil Vijay Diwas is a significant day in the history of India-Pakistan relations. The war showed that the two countries were still capable of going to war with each other, even after the signing of the Simla Agreement in 1972. The war also led to a renewed focus on the need for peace and stability in the region.
How is Kargil Vijay Diwas celebrated?
Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated with a variety of events and activities across India. These events include parades, flag-hoisting ceremonies, and memorial services. The day is also a time to pay tribute to the soldiers who lost their lives in the Kargil War.